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Conveyor Belt Types and Their Applications

Types of Conveyor Belt Systems:

The variety of conveyor belt system depends on what you want the  conveyor system to do. After determining the needs of the product, it  would be easier to choose a type of conveyor. There are numerous  different types of conveyor belts that specifically produced for even a  single product manifacturing. Here are some of the popular conveyor belt  types;

Flat Belt Conveyors: These are the most well-known and widely  used conveyors that are used to transport mostly boxed, packaged  bulk materials and many products.

∙ Roller Bed Conveyor Belts: These are conveyors with driven or non driven models, which are preferred in accordance with the  transportation of packaged materials.

∙ Modular Belt Conveyor: Modular conveyor belt systems consists of  numerous hard plastic interlocking parts on a single loop. They have  a much more durable structure when compared to Pvc Belt  conveyors. 

∙ Incline or Decline Belt Conveyors: These belts, which allow any  product to be transported in an inclined environment. Those belts  has rough surfaces that facilitate the transportation of the product  prone instead of a smooth, slippery surface.

∙ Curved Belt Conveyors: These belts are mostly used for efficient  use of the area where the transportation takes place or to carry  around the corners. The rotational angles of these belts can be up  to 180 °.

∙ Cleated Belt Conveyors: These conveyor belts are used to carry the  product up slopes as well as prepare them for operators or provide  predictable spacing on the line.

∙ Sanitary Belt Conveyors: Sanitary belt conveyors are specially produced to  endure rigorous sanitation and extreme washing processes. It consists of  flat wire strip that are robust and easy to clean.



Conveyor Belt Applications

Flat belt conveyors can be used to transport almost all products that do  not require any special needs. When fitted with the correct strap, it can  also carry small, soft or irregularly shaped items without damaging them.

Modular belts are often chosen to transport aqueous products after  washing them because they are easy to clean up. Incline conveyor belt systems can be used to prevent products  falling off the line or to move them among different heights.

In bag handling systems, curved belt conveyors are often used to alter  the conveying path of products.

Sanitary conveyor belt applications are in the food and  pharmaceutical industries that require sterilization and hard washing. Since metal detection is easy on them, cleated belt conveyors are very  successful in conveying food products.

In Which Sectors Are Conveyor Belt Systems Used?​

These automation systems are used in mining, food industry, mass production, transportation, machinery, printing, textile, automotive, airport, electronics, packaging, processed food, pharmaceutical, chemical, manufacturing industry, etc. It is an indispensable part of the fields.

Materials Used in a Conveyor System

Rubber, leather, textile, metal and thermoplastics are the most  common materials of conveyor systems. The area of use is the defining  factor whether to use pvc or rubber belt on the chassis. For more detailed  information, you can check our article on "Conveyor Belt Materials:  Everything You Need to Know"

Different Types of Conveyor Belts and Their Uses​:

1) Conveyor types according to working directions

a) Inclined system conveyors

b) Flat system conveyors

c) Rotating conveyors belt

d) Variable direction conveyors

e) Combination conveyors with one or more of the options

2) Conveyor types according to construction types

- Those who transport by vacuum or air

- Those who transport with rubber or PVC coated belts

- Those carrying on roll (plastic, rubber, metal, etc.)

- Those who carry on the chains

- Conveyor systems that can continue to work from the bottom while on the product to be transported.

3) Conveyor types according to the type of product it carries

- Carrying product with micro grains in powder form

- Stones, rocks, etc. found in mines. carrying substances

- Carrying food products not yet packaged

- Carrying product in granule form